Dual certified 304/304H is used as a material of construction up to 1500°F. Slight scaling begins at about 1200°F. This is the 0.04% minimum carbon version of type 304 stainless. It has general corrosion resistance similar to the low carbon 304/304L. However, it is subject to carbide precipitation in the heat affected zone (HAZ) of welds. Weldments may be sensitive to HAZ intergranular corrosion in oxidizing acid environments, and to polythionic acid stress corrosion cracking. The carbide precipitation is not harmful to high temperature mechanical properties.
304/304H is welded using the 22Cr 11Ni filler wire (ER308), or covered electrodes (E308). Post-weld heat treatment is not necessary for most high temperature service.
ASME SA 240
ASTM A 240, ASTM A 959
UNS S30400, UNS S30409
W. Nr./EN 1.4948
304 / 304H Plate, 304 / 304H Welding Products
Common Trade Names
- Elevated temperature service to 1500°F
- Corrosion resistance similar to 304/304L
- Pressure Vessels
- Petrochemical Equipment
Density: 0.285 lb/inch3
|Coefficient* of Thermal Expansion, in/in°F x 10-6||9.4||–|
|Thermal Conductivity Btu • ft/ft2 • hr • °F||9.4||10.9|
* 70°F to indicated temperature.
Representative Tensile Properties
|Ultimate Tensile Strength, ksi||75||90|
|0.2% Yield Strength, ksi||30||35|
Maximum Allowable Stresses, ASME Section VIII, Div 1 Temperature, °